Home' Defence Review Asia : DRA Jul-Aug 2013 Contents small artillery ship of project 21630 with Grad-M
Multiple Launch Rocket System. Among the other
Russian vessels presented at the seaport harbor
were the Serna D-67 air-cushion landing craft
of 11771 project, Grachonok countersabotage
motor boat of 21980 project, Sobol and Mangust
OPVs of 12200 and 12150 projects respectively,
hydrographic surveying vessels Vaiygach, GS-525
and MGK-403. The guest ships were presented
by the Royal Netherlands Navy submarine Dolfijn
and Evertsen frigate plus a Polish ORP Arctowski.
24 light craft and boats of the enterprises -
participants were demonstrated near the quays of
the exhibition complex.
An impressive open space exposition presented
real systems and life-size models including two
Russian naval helicopters Ka-52 and Ka-31, BAL-E
and Club-K missile systems of Morinformsystem-
Agat, BRAHMOS supersonic cruise missiles, as
well as a number of torpedoes and mines.
The Russian Air Force aerobatic teams Russkiye
Vityazi, Strizhy and Rus displayed their flight skills
The artillery and small-arms live firing was
successfully conducted at the Rzhevka test range.
The participating systems included AK-130 naval
gun as well as AK-100 and AK-176M among the
IMDS attracted visits from 75 official delegations
from 51 countries including five Ministers of
Defence, fourteen Naval Commanders-in-Chief.
Within the first three days of the show over 48 000
professionals visited IMDS-2013.
The Russian state arms exporter
Rosoboronexport (now - Rostec daughter
company) displayed over 100 advanced items of
the Russian naval products. Many of them "exceed
foreign analogues", according to Igor Sevastyanov,
Rosoboronexport Deputy Director General. He
also claimed that "participation at IMDS-2013
would be a milestone on the way to strengthening
positions of Russia in global market of maritime
defense equipment as well as to expanding
mutually beneficial military-technical cooperation
with foreign countries". He also mentioned the
Rosoboronexport current portfolio is valued at US
$34 billion with the orders placed by 67 nations.
The export volume in 2012 made an annual record
of US $12.9 billion while the 5 month period of
2013 has already made US $7 billion.
The Rosoboronexport hot spots included on
Amur-1650 conventional submarine, Gepard-3.9
frigate, Mirage, Mangust and Sobol fast patrol
boats. These boats as well as Katran and
Scorpion craft have been manufactured at the
Rybinsk-based Vympel shipyard, working under
The latest weaponry, presented at the
Rosoboronexport pavilion included Sosna-R, Shtil
and Gibka air defense systems.
The United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC)
exposition dominated the Show. USC is the largest
national consortium for both naval and commercial
shipbuilding. Set up in 2007 with 100% federal
ownership it comprises 60 enterprises (major
shipyards as well as leading design bureaus)
consolidating 80% of the total shipbuilding
facilities. The local market is the corporation
main focus with export products to 20 nations
It is worth to mention that IMDS had been a
showcase for the Mistral-class helicopter carrying
amphibious assault ship. The LHD debut four
years ago led to the contract signed for two
ships construction (with two more optional) by
the French company DCNS. The ships final
construction had been delegated to the French
shipyard STX-Europe in Saint Nazaire while the
stern part became a responsibility of the Baltiysky
Zavod in St.-Petersburg.
On the IMDS first day, STX accepted the stern
of 'Vladivostok', which will be part of the Russian
Navy's first Mistral LHD. Immediately after the
ceremony Baltiysky Zavod laid down the stern of
the second ship, to be named 'Sevastopol'. The
certificate of acceptance was signed by Vladimir
Shmakov, USC President, and Laurent Castaing,
General Manager of STX-Europe. The stern is 94
meters long with a weight of 6,400 tons. The plant
also carried out the stern partial piping (about
5,000 meters) and equipping of the hull.
The stern transportation to Saint Nazaire
succeeded to meet the schedule arriving to France
in the end of July. The Vladivostok will be floated
out in October 2013 and delivered to Admiralty
Shipyard (another daughter of USC) for combat
system integration (French THALES and Russian
companies respectively). Vladivostok is to become
operational in the autumn of 2014. The second
Mistral stern construction will last till June 2014
to be towed to Saint Nazaire for completion to
be delivered to the Russian Navy by the end of
2015. The Russian Mistral crews training has
been delegated to the French company DCI, world
leader in air force and navy personnel education.
The world famous Rubin Design Bureau
displayed conventional submarines of the
modernised Kilo-class (Project 636) and the
Amur-class (Amur-1650 and Amur-950). Kilo-class
submarines of various projects are the world best-
sellers. Currently, over 60 subs have been built,
including 37 units for foreign customers.
Irrespective of the Kilo-class success, the Amur-
class has been developed from the very beginning
to become a core of non-nuclear submarine fleets
for the 21st century. The submarine characteristics
have been successfully proven in the course of
experimental operation of the Saint Petersburg
submarine - maiden unit of Project 677 (Amur class
export version). The next two subs, Kronshtadt and
Sevastopol, will enjoy a modernised design based
on the Saint Petersburg experience.
Amur-class submarines are of a flexible module
design to be adapted to the customers demand.
The guided missiles vertical launchers can be
fitted. Displacement may vary from 1000 to 2500 t.
For the first time Rubin showcased a submarine
model with Air Independent Propulsion plant using
fuel cells. Hydrogen will be produced on-board
the submarine by diesel fuel reforming. An AIP
prototype plant has proven the feasibility of the
chosen path. It was said during IMDS that the AIP
should be ready by 2016 and the first submarine
for the Russian Navy by 2018.
Rubin also demonstrated a training complex for
the Russian and foreign submariners including
damage control, rescue and skin-diving skills.
Among the other 15 enterprises comprising
USC exposition a few more should be mentioned.
In particular, the Severnoye Design Bureau
presented a latest version of frigate pr.22356. The
ship length is 135 m with 4150 ton displacement.
Cruising velocity up to 29 knots to provide cruising
range of 4500 nautic miles being autonomous up
to 30 days. The frigate's "sharp teeth" -- the Agat/
Novator Club-N integrated missile system -- is
able to hit both surface and submersible targets.
The weaponry including modern artillery and air
defense plus aboard helicopter of Ka-28/31 type
extends the ship's mission dramatically.
The Almaz Design Bureau -- the world leader in
combat air-cushion ships delelopment -- attracted
special attention of the RD Deputy Defense
DefenceReviewAsia | JULY-AUG 2013 31
Irrespective of the Kilo-class success, the Amur-class has been developed
from the very beginning to become a core of non-nuclear submarine fleets
for the 21st century
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