Home' Defence Review Asia : DRA May 2010 Contents www.defencereviewasia.com < 31
Indonesia was the frst indigenous operator of submarines in these waters,
initially receiving Russian boats. Jakarta currently operates two HDW-built
Type 209/1300 boats with a submerged displacement of 1,390 tonnes which
were commissioned in 1981 and have received several refts which keep them
in good operational condition. However, they are nearing the end of their
useful live and the Indonesian Navy would like to order two replacements
for 2012 and then double the size of the submarine force to four boats and
ultimately to six.
Funding has been a major problem, especially in the wake of the world
economic crisis but Jakarta may order two boats this year. The potential
suppliers are Russia with either a Kilo or one of the new Amur class boats,
and South Korea. Moscow has been seeking a frst export customer for the
Amurs for some time. They are export versions of the Lada (Project 677)
class boats being built for the Russian Navy of which an AIP version is being
marketed. They are more automated than previous Russian designs and also
feature a non-hull penetrating mast with electro-optical sensors.
Korea is reported to be willing to offer either the KSS-1 or the KSS-2
designs, and as a ‘loss-leader’ might even offer surplus Chang Bogos.
Seoul’s shipbuilding industry has been carefully cultivating Indonesian
custom and reftted the KRI Cakra in 2005 and her sister ship KRI Nanggala
the following year, the work including upgrading the combat management
system, overhauling the engines and the provision of new batteries
Seoul has also built the frst of a series of multi-role ships for Jakarta which
has received other Korean military aid so the new contender may well be well
placed for the order.
Singapore’s route to submarines has been an unusual one but it the policy
is very systematic. In 1995 Singapore bought HSwMS Sjöbjörnen from the
Royal Swedish Navy for training purposes and as RSN Challenger this trained
the frst submarine crews in the Baltic. Singapore then bought the remaining
four boats of the Sjöormen (A11) class, using one to augment RSN Challenger
for training in the Baltic and one, HSwMS Sjöhästen to cannibalise for spares.
In 2004 all four boats of what was called the Challenger class were transferred
to Singapore and two are likely to be replaced from this year by another two
These will be of the Västergötland (A17) class which were acquired in 2005
and have since been reftted and upgraded by the Kockums yard as the Archer
class. This work will include inserting a 12-metre ‘plug’ with a Stirling Mk 3
AIP system giving a submerged displacement of 1,500 tonnes but, like their
predecessors, these are highly automated boats requiring a crew of only 27.
The Swedish boats are unusual for where most submarines have a single size
tube for heavyweight torpedoes (usually of 533mm diameter) these have tubes
for heavyweight and lightweight (40 centimetre diameter) anti-submarine
weapons. The Challengers were delivered with the Type 431 but the Archers
are reported to have the Type 451 as well as WASS/DCNS Black Shark
The possible future route for Singapore’s submarines may also have been
mapped in Stockholm. There the Swedish Defence Materiel Organisation
(Försvarets Materielverk or FMV) has awarded Kockums AB a contract for
the overall design of the next generation A26 class submarine with Sterling
Mk 3 AIP system.
It has been widely reported that Singapore
would like to become involved in the new
Swedish submarine development programme
and the cash-starved Swedish Defence Ministry
would undoubtedly welcome funding from the
The A 26 seems extremely suitable for Singapore’s requirements for it will
be designed for operations in littoral as well as ocean waters making it not
only suitable for the domestic requirement but also a contender at the export
market. The strengthening of the hull for ocean deep diving also means
improved protection against mines and depth charges in the littoral role.
The sub will have a fexible payload capability with a modular payload lock
system in addition to four torpedo tubes. A new design of torpedo tubes will
Malaysia has received 2 Scorpenes
Links Archive DRA March/April 2010 DRA June 2010 Navigation Previous Page Next Page